Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen frequently isolated from the food processing environment. Multiple lines of evidence suggested a possible role for the L. monocytogenes alternative transcription factor sigma B (sigmaB) in surface attachment and biofilm formation. Therefore, through plate count and microscopic techniques, the L. monocytogenes 10403S strain and an otherwise isogenic deltasigB strain were tested for attachment to stainless steel. Analysis of microscopic images revealed that after 72 h at 24 degrees C under static conditions the tested L. monocytogenes strains attached uniformly to surfaces as single cells. Both strains were capable of rapid attachment (i.e., numbers of attached cells were essentially the same after either 5 min or 24 h of incubation). Numbers of attached deltasigB cells were significantly lower than those of the wild-type strain after 48 and 72 h of incubation at 24 degrees C (P = 0.001). Similar numbers of the deltasigB strain attached to stainless steel regardless of temperature (24 or 37 degrees C); however, deltasigB cells attached at higher relative numbers in the presence of 6% NaCl after 48 and 72 h. Furthermore, in the presence of Pseudomonas fluorescens, similarly high numbers of wild-type and deltasigB cells attached to the surfaces, forming mixed biofilms. Our data suggest that sigmaB is not required for initial surface attachment of L. monocytogenes.